The importance of transaminases flare in liver elastography: Characterization of the probability of liver fibrosis overestimation by hepatitis C virus-induced cytolysis

Mauro Giuffrè, Sofia Fouraki, Manola Comar, Flora Masutti, Lory Saveria Crocè

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) is crucial for appropriate fibrosis staging in patients with ongoing hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, there is still an ongoing debate on the impact of serum transaminases (aspartate-aminotransferase, AST; alanine-aminotransferase, ALT) on LSM. Methods: We selected 110 patients undergoing HCV eradication therapy with LSM compatible with significant liver fibrosis. LSM was evaluated prior to therapy and one year after HCV eradication. Results: LSM showed a median decrease of 35% from baseline values, and 67 (61%) patients showed posttreatment values compatible with lower fibrosis stages. We developed two logistic regression models to determine the probability of liver fibrosis overestimation according to serum transaminase. The probability of overestimation of two or more fibrosis grade is equal to (1) 50% for AST of 99 IU/L (2.2 ULN) and ALT of 90.5 IU/L (2 ULN), (2) 80% for AST of 123.5 IU/L (2.74 ULN) and ALT of 101.5 IU/L (2.25 ULN), and (3) reaches 100% for AST of 211 IU/L (4.7 ULN) and ALT of 140 IU/L (3.1 ULN). Conclusions: This study highlights the impact of serum transaminases on LSM. We believe that our findings may serve as a reference point for appropriate fibrosis stratification by liver elastography in patients with HCV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number348
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • ALT
  • HCV infection
  • Liver elastography
  • Liver fibrosis
  • Serum transaminase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Virology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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