The importance of trunk perception during brace treatment in moderate juvenile idiopathic scoliosis: What is the impact on self-image?

Teresa Paolucci, Giulia Piccinini, Marco Iosa, Cristina Piermattei, Simona De Angelis, Federico Zangrando, Vincenzo Maria Saraceni

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BACKGROUND: The perception of body image and the deformity of the trunk in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) are a silver lining that has yet to be discussed in the relevant literature during brace rehabilitation treatment.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether and how the use of the brace changes perception of the trunk in patients with AIS by the drawing test.

METHODS: We observed 32 subjects with AIS from our Rehabilitation outpatient clinic and divided them into the brace treatment (BG-16 subjects) and the non-brace treatment (CG-16 subjects). Trunk perception and quality of life were evaluated using the Trunk Appearance Perception Scale and Scoliosis Research Society-22 questionnaire, and the perception of one's back was measured by the drawing test.

RESULTS: Pain was lower in BG versus CG (p= 0.095). Satisfaction with the treatment was higher in BG than in CG (p= 0.002). Self-image did not differ significantly between the groups in terms of TAPS. Drawings of the most severe cases of scoliosis were made by the group without the brace.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of the brace corrects the function of the trunk and has a positive influence on its perception.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-210
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Issue number2
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jun 30 2016



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