The incidences of trisomy 8, trisomy 9 and D20S108 deletion in polycythaemia vera: An analysis of blood granulocytes using interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization

N. B. Westwood, A. M. Gruszka-Westwood, C. E. Pearson, C. F M Delord, A. R. Green, B. J P Huntly, A. Lakhani, M. F. McMullin, T. C. Pearson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have used interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (IFISH) to detect trisomy 8, trisomy 9 and 20q deletion in circulating granulocytes from patients with polycythaemia vera (PV). Out of 64 PV patients, 15 (23%) exhibited an abnormality. Two patients had trisomy 9, three had trisomy 8 and 10 patients had hemizygous deletion of D20S108 (a locus in the 20q common deleted region). Aberrant nuclei ranged from 10% to 80% in these 15 cases. There was no correlation between the presence of a marker and sex, age, interval between presentation and IFISH analysis, neutrophil or platelet count or therapy. Conventional marrow cytogenetic karyotype results were available in 23 cases and there was concurrence between these and blood IFISH in 16 cases (13 normal and three with 20q/D20S108 deletion by both methods). Three patients with D20S108 deletion by IFISH were normal by previous marrow cytogenetic testing and four cases with 20q deletion by previous marrow cytogenetics had normal blood granulocytes according to IFISH. Thus, we confirm that trisomies 8 and 9 and deletion of 20q are diagnostically useful markers of PV. IFISH analysis of blood granulocytes is a practical method for detecting these markers, but as an adjunct to, not as a substitute for conventional marrow cytogenetics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-846
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume110
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • D20S108 deletion
  • Interphase FISH
  • Polycythaemia vera
  • Trisomy 8
  • Trisomy 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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