Advanced age in itself does not predict a poor functional outcome or a longer length of stay in rehabilitation units. Seven hundred and sixty-four adult cases were analysed, from 14 post-acute rehabilitation facilities throughout Italy. Data came from the national database run by the agency distributing the Italian version of an internationally validated scale of disability, the FIM® (Functional Independence Measure). The FIM is an 18-item scale rating independence in the domains of self-care, sphincter control, mobility, locomotion, communication and social cognition. The total FIM score may range from 18 to 126 (higher score = greater independence). Patients were classified with respect to the cut-off age of 75 years (76+ and 75-, mean age 82 and 57 years, n = 203 and 561, 27% and 73% of the cases, respectively). The median interval between onset of disability and admission to the facility (onset-to-admission delay, OAD) was 36 and 45 days in the 76+ and the 75- group, respectively (p <0.001). Mean admission FIM score was 70 (± 28) in the 76+ and 71 (± 27) in the 75- group. Discharge FIM scores were 84 ± 29 and 93 ± 26, respectively (p <0.001). Median length of stay (LOS) was 34 days in the 76+ and 41 days in the 75- group, respectively (p <0.005). The 76+ and 75- groups were discharged home in 86% and 90% of the cases, respectively (p = 0.053). The results suggest that inpatient rehabilitation is substantially effective and efficient for older as well as for younger patients.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Disability and Rehabilitation|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1996|
- Length of stay
- Outcome evaluation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Professions(all)