We investigated whether the errors made by aphasic patients and right brain-damaged (RBD) patients on a word-picture matching test were differently related to the semantic and perceptual difficulties of the task. To this effect, the target picture was presented in one condition along with two semantically similar distractors, in another condition with two perceptually similar distractors, and in a third condition with two distractors that were both semantically and perceptually similar. There were also two control conditions in which part of targets that had been originally shown with semantic distractors were now presented with perceptual distractors and viceversa. The findings were consistent with the hypothesis that aphasics mainly fail when the task involves semantic discrimination and RBD patients when it involves perceptual discrimination. In aphasics the semantic perceptual condition produced the highest number of errors, but this was due, it was argued, to an increase of the semantic demands of the task.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology