We aimed to investigate the association between white-coat hypertension (WCH) and left atrial (LA) phasic function assessed by the volumetric and speckle tracking method. This cross-sectional study included 52 normotensive individuals, 49 subjects with WCH and 56 untreated hypertensive patients who underwent a 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring and complete two-dimensional echocardiographic examination (2DE). WCH was diagnosed if clinic blood pressure (BP) was elevated and 24-h BP was normal. We obtained that maximum, minimum LA and pre-A LAV volumes and volume indexes gradually and significantly increased from the normotensive subjects, throughout the white-coat hypertensive individuals to the hypertensive patients. Passive LA emptying fraction (EF), representing the LA conduit function, gradually reduced from normotensive to hypertensive subjects. Active LA EF and the parameter of the LA booster pump function increased in the same direction. Similar results were obtained by 2DE strain analysis. The LA stiffness index gradually increased from normotensive controls, throughout white-coat hypertensive subjects to hypertensive patients. Clinic systolic BP was associated with LA passive EF (β= −0.283, p = 0.001), LA active EF (β = 0.342, p < 0.001), LA total longitudinal strain (β= −0.356, p < 0.001), LA positive longitudinal strain (β= −0.264, p = 0.009) and LA stiffness index (β = 0.398, p < 0.001) without regard to age, BMI, left ventricular structure and diastolic function in the whole study population. In the conclusion, WCH significantly impacts LA phasic function and stiffness. Clinic systolic BP was associated with functional and mechanical LA remodeling in the whole study population.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine