The insulin-like growth factor receptor I promotes motility and invasion of bladder cancer cells through Akt- and mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent activation of paxillin

David Metalli, Francesca Lovat, Farida Tripodi, Marco Genua, Shi Qiong Xu, Michela Spinelli, Lilia Alberghina, Marco Vanoni, Raffaele Baffa, Leonard G. Gomella, Renato V. Iozzo, Andrea Morrione

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Abstract

The insulin-like growth factor receptor I (IGF-IR) plays an essential role in transformation by promoting cell growth and protecting cancer cells from apoptosis. Aberrant IGF-IR signaling is implicated in several types of tumors, including carcinomas of the lung, breast, prostate, pancreas, liver, and colon. However, the contribution of the IGF-IR to the development of the transformed phenotype in urothelial cells has not been clearly established. In this study we demonstrated that the IGF-IR is overexpressed in invasive bladder cancer tissues compared with nonmalignant controls. We have investigated the role of the IGF-IR in bladder cancer by using urothelial carcinoma-derived 5637 and T24 cells. Although activation of the IGF-IR did not appreciably affect their growth, it did promote migration and stimulate in vitro wound closure and invasion. These effects required the activation of the Akt and Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways as well as IGF-I-induced Akt- and MAPK-dependent phosphorylation of paxillin, which relocated at dynamic focal adhesions and was necessary for promoting motility in bladder cancer cells. Our results provide the first evidence for a role of the IGF-IR in motility and invasion of bladder cancer cells and support the hypothesis that the IGF-IR may play a critical role in the establishment of the invasive phenotype in urothelial neoplasia. Thus, the IGF-IR may also serve as a novel biomarker for bladder cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2997-3006
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume176
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Metalli, D., Lovat, F., Tripodi, F., Genua, M., Xu, S. Q., Spinelli, M., Alberghina, L., Vanoni, M., Baffa, R., Gomella, L. G., Iozzo, R. V., & Morrione, A. (2010). The insulin-like growth factor receptor I promotes motility and invasion of bladder cancer cells through Akt- and mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent activation of paxillin. American Journal of Pathology, 176(6), 2997-3006. https://doi.org/10.2353/ajpath.2010.090904