The integrated treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis. A preliminary experience

F. Cavaliere, F. Di Filippo, M. Cosimelli, L. Aloe, E. Arcuri, M. Anzà, A. Callopoli, L. Di Laura, E. Morace, C. Botti, S. Natoli, M. Tedesco, S. Giunta, R. Cavaliere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Some low-grade malignant tumors arising in the abdomen, lack of infiltrative attitude and 'redistribute' on the peritoneum with no extraregional spreading. In this cases the complete tumor cytoreduction followed by intra- or postoperative regional chemotherapy has curative intent. Peritonectomy is the complete removal of all the parietal peritoneum and the visceral peritoneum involved by disease. After peritonectomy hyperthermic antiblastic perfusion is carded out throughout the abdomino- pelvic cavity for 60 minutes, at a temperature of 41.5°C, with mitomycin C (3.3 mg/m2/Lt of perfusate) and cisplatin (25 mg/m2/Lt) (appendicular or colorectal primary), or cisplatin alone is (ovarian primary). Alternatively the immediate postoperative regional chemotherapy is performed with 5- fluorouracil (13.5 mg/Kg) and Lederfolin (125 mg/m2) (colic or appendicular tumor) or cisplatin (25 mg/m2) (ovarian tumor), each day for 5 days. Twenty patients affected by extensive peritoneal carcinomatosis (12 ovarian, 5 colonic, I appendicular, 1 mesothelial and 1 gastric primary) were submitted to peritonectomy with no residual macroscopic disease in all cases except three. Six patients were treated with intraoperative intra-abdominal hyperthermic antiblastic perfusion, while immediate postoperative intra- abdominal chemotherapy was given in 4 patients and systemic chemotherapy in other 5. Hospital mortality was 20%. At a mean follow-up of 11 months 14 patients are alive, 11 without disease and the median overall survival is 10.2 months. The curative potential of the combined therapeutic approach seems high in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis from ovarian or colorectal primary not responding to systemic chemotherapy. Selection criteria of patients can strictly affect the surgical risk and the treatment has to be reserved for controlled clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-158
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research
Volume18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999

Keywords

  • Hyperthermic antiblastic perfusion
  • Intra-abdominal chemotherapy
  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis
  • Peritonectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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  • Cite this

    Cavaliere, F., Di Filippo, F., Cosimelli, M., Aloe, L., Arcuri, E., Anzà, M., Callopoli, A., Di Laura, L., Morace, E., Botti, C., Natoli, S., Tedesco, M., Giunta, S., & Cavaliere, R. (1999). The integrated treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis. A preliminary experience. Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research, 18(2), 151-158.