The interaction between exogenous DNA and sperm cells

M. Lavitrano, D. French, M. Zani, L. Frati, C. Spadafora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Epididymal sperm cells, incubated with plasmid DNA, showed a spontaneous tendency to interact with the exogenous nucleic acid. We have investigated the molecular basis of such interaction. Exogenous DNA is taken up by sperm cells over a 15- to 20-min period and is specifically localized on the nuclear area of the sperm head. DNA was reversibly bound to spermatozoa since it can be competed out by excess of cold competitor DNA or by other polyanions as heparin and dextran sulphate. By contrast, poly-L-lysine, a polycation, favours the uptake. DNA molecules of large size (7 kb) were preferentially taken up as compared to smaller ones (150-750 bp). Acidic proteins were also taken up and concentrated, as for DNA, at the nuclear level. These data strongly suggested that ionic interactions may occur between foreign molecules and a substrate located in the sperm head. On the basis of Southwestern analysis, a sperm head protein(s) of 30-35 KD is identified as potential substrate for exogenous DNA binding. Moreover, we have found that seminal plasma contains factor(s) which abolish sperm permeability, exerting a powerful inhibitor effect on DNA uptake. The presence of a specific binding protein for the DNA and of a factor inhibiting such interaction support the existence of a mechanism controlling, through specific factors, the sperm-DNA interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-169
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Reproduction and Development
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Keywords

  • Fertilization
  • Genetic transformation
  • Recombinant DNA
  • Sperm cell
  • Transgenic animals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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