Clathrin-mediated endocytosis was shown to be arrested in mitosis due to a block in the invagination of clathrin-coated pits. A Xenopus mitotic phosphoprotein, MP90, is very similar to an abundant mammalian nerve terminal protein, epsin, which binds the Eps15 homology (EH) domain of Eps15 and the α-adaptin subunit of the clathrin adaptor AP-2. We show here that both rat epsin and Eps15 are mitotic phosphoproteins and that their mitotic phosphorylation inhibits binding to the appendage domain of α-adaptin. Both epsin and Eps15, like other cytosolic components of the synaptic vesicle endocytic machinery, undergo constitutive phosphorylation and depolarization- dependent dephosphorylation in nerve terminals. Furthermore, their binding to AP-2 in brain extracts is enhanced by dephosphorylation. Epsin together with Eps15 was proposed to assist the clathrin coat in its dynamic rearrangements during the invagination/fission reactions. Their mitotic phosphorylation may be one of the mechanisms by which the invagination of clathrin-coated pits is blocked in mitosis and their stimulation-dependent dephosphorylation at synapses may contribute to the compensatory burst of endocytosis after a secretory stimulus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas