The Interaction of Lean Body Mass With Fat Body Mass Is Associated With Vertebral Fracture Prevalence in Women With Early Breast Cancer Undergoing Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy

Sara Monteverdi, Rebecca Pedersini, Fabio Gallo, Filippo Maffezzoni, Alberto Dalla Volta, Pierluigi Di Mauro, Antonella Turla, Lucia Vassalli, Mara Ardine, Anna Maria Formenti, Edda Lucia Simoncini, Andrea Giustina, Roberto Maroldi, Vito Amoroso, Alfredo Berruti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) induce depletion of estrogen levels, causing bone loss and increased fracture risk in women with breast cancer. High-fat body mass (FBM) emerged as an independent factor associated with the prevalence of morphometric vertebral fractures (VFs) in patients undergoing AIs. We explored the role of lean body mass (LBM) and the interaction of LBM with FBM in predicting the occurrence of VFs in postmenopausal women who were either AI-naïve or AI-treated. A total of 684 consecutive breast cancer patients were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Each woman underwent a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan, measuring bone mineral density (BMD), LBM, and FBM; VFs were assessed using a quantitative morphometric analysis of DXA images. After propensity score matching, the study population was restricted to 480 women, 240 AI-naïve and 240 AI-treated. We used multivariable logistic regression models to explore the associations between baseline characteristics, VF prevalence and the interaction between LBM, FBM and AI therapy. No interaction between LBM and AI therapy on VF prevalence was shown. Conversely, we reported a significant interaction between LBM, FBM and AI therapy (p =.0311). Among AI-treated women having LBM below and FBM above or equal the median value, VF prevalence was numerically higher (15/31; 48.4%) than in other subgroups (VF prevalence: 35.7% in high-LBM and low-FBM group, 23.2% in high-LBM and high-FBM group, and 19.8% in low-LBM and low-FBM group). Among AI-naïve women, the greatest VF proportion was observed in the subgroup with LBM and FBM below median value (25/92; 27.2%). This study suggests a synergism between LBM and FBM in predicting the morphometric VF in women with early breast cancer undergoing AIs. This observation is new and deserves further investigation. The assessment of body composition by DXA might be useful when estimating fracture risk in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere10440
JournalJBMR Plus
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • AROMATASE INHIBITORS
  • BODY COMPOSITION
  • BREAST CANCER
  • VERTEBRAL FRACTURES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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