The Interhemispheric Transgenual Approach for Microsurgical Removal of Third Ventricle Colloid Cysts. Technical Note

Vincenzo Esposito, Paolo di Russo, Mattia Del Maestro, Marco Ciavarro, Tommaso Vangelista, Michelangelo De Angelis, Arianna Fava, Roberta Morace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Colloid cysts of the third ventricle are rare benign lesions, which amount to approximately 1% of all intracranial tumors. Because these lesions grow predominantly in the anterior aspect of the third ventricle, they may cause the occlusion of the foramina of Monro, generating obstructive hydrocephalus. Surgery is mandatory in cases of large cysts and/or in symptomatic patients. Among the different surgical strategies described in colloid cysts surgery, the microsurgical transcallosal approach still constitutes the procedure of choice in many centers. In this study, we describe a modified microsurgical transcallosal approach, the interhemispheric transgenual approach, in a series of 13 consecutive patients operated on for colloid cysts of the third ventricle. Methods: All the procedures were performed by the senior author (V.E.) at Neuromed Institute of Pozzilli (Is, Italy). The operative procedure is described in its various steps, illustrating the differences and potential advantages compared with the traditional microsurgical transcallosal approach. Results: No surgical complications or new-onset neurologic deficits were observed in the postoperative period. The postoperative magnetic resonance imaging confirmed in all cases complete lesion removal without any sign of parenchymal damage. No lesion recurrence or need for permanent cerebrospinal fluid diversion was detected in the patients of this series during the follow-up period. Conclusions: In our experience, the interhemispheric transgenual approach has been effective in providing complete colloid cyst removal with minimal risk of vascular and parenchymal damage. Further studies are required to confirm its efficacy in improving the overall outcome of the microsurgical transcallosal approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-205
Number of pages9
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Colloid cysts
  • High magnification microsurgery
  • Precoronal craniotomy
  • Transgenual approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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