The isopeptidase inhibitor G5 triggers a caspase-independent necrotic death in cells resistant to apoptosis: A comparative study with the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib

Alessandra Fontanini, Carmela Foti, Harish Potu, Enrico Crivellato, Roberta Maestro, Paolo Bernardi, Francesca Demarchi, Claudio Brancolini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inhibitors of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPSIs) promote apoptosis of cancer cells and show encouraging anti-tumor activities in vivo. In this study, we evaluated the death activities of two different UPSIs: bortezomib and the isopeptidase inhibitor G5. To unveil whether these compounds elicit different types of death, we compared their effect both on apoptosis-proficient wild type mouse embryo fibroblasts and on cells defective for apoptosis (double-deficient Bax/Bak mouse embryo fibroblasts) (double knockout; DKO).Wehave discovered that (i) both inhibitors induce apoptosis in a Bax and Bak-dependent manner, (ii) both inhibitors elicit autophagy in WT and DKO cells, and (iii) only G5 can kill apoptosis-resistant DKO cells by activating a necrotic response. The induction of necrosis was confirmed by different experimental approaches, including time lapse analysis, HMGB1 release, and electron microscopy studies. Neither treatment with antinecrotic agents, such as antioxidants, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and JNK inhibitors, necrostatin, and the intracellular Ca2+ chelator, 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid acetoxymethyl ester, nor overexpression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL prevented necrosis induced by G5. This necrotic death is characterized by the absence of protein oxidation and by the rapid cyclosporin A-independent dissipation of the mitochondrial membrane potential. Notably, a peculiar feature of the G5-induced necrosis is an early and dramatic reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, coupled to an alteration of cell adhesion. The importance of cell adhesion impairment in the G5-induced necrotic death of DKO cells was confirmed by the antagonist effect of the extracellular matrix-adhesive components, collagen and fibronectin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8369-8381
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 27 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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