The issue of dementia in migrants and ethnic minorities: the perspective of National Dementia Plans

Marco Canevelli, Valerio Zaccaria, Eleonora Lacorte, Ilaria Cova, Giuseppe Gervasi, Silvia Cascini, Anna Maria Bargagli, Teresa Di Fiandra, Simone Pomati, Leonardo Pantoni, Nicola Vanacore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The occurrence of dementia among individuals with a migration background and composing ethnic minorities is being recognized as a global public health issue.

AIMS: In the present study, we sought to explore if and how this phenomenon is mentioned and addressed by the existing National Dementia Plans (NDPs).

METHODS: The 32 NDPs listed on the Alzheimer's Disease International (ADI)'s website were considered for the present analysis. First, the plans mentioning the issue of dementia among migrants and/or ethnic minorities were identified. Subsequently, the sections addressing this topic and the pertaining proposed actions were analyzed and their contents were unbundled in descriptive categories.

RESULTS: Overall, nine NDPs (28.1% of the total), namely those promulgated by Australia, Austria, England, Israel, Norway, Switzerland, Taiwan, United States, and Wales, mentioned the issue of dementia among migrants and/or ethnic minorities and only eight proposed targeted actions to tackle this issue. With few exceptions, the proposed strategies were only marginally dashed within NDPs and crucial information on their objectives, timeline, conduction, and monitoring was missing.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to describe and discuss how the issue of dementia among migrants and ethnic minority groups is addressed within NDPs. The issue of dementia in migrants and ethnic minorities is assuming a growing relevance under a of global health perspective. The timely identification and implementation of dedicated policies at the national and international level are fundamental to limit its future clinical and socioeconomic burden.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAging Clin. Exp. Res.
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Sep 7 2019

Keywords

  • dementia
  • migration
  • Cognitive disturbances
  • global health
  • health inequalities

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