In 2001-2002 the Italian Working Group on Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) developed the ISYDE project, a survey on CR in Italy. In 2001, the CR units were 144 (57% in the North of the country), 58% in general hospitals, 23% in private hospitals, 8% in rehabilitative hospital, and only 2% in universitary clinics. Patients admitted to CR were 60819 (vs 37.049 in 1996, +64%); 86% of CR units treated >100 pts/year (vs 66% in 1996; +32%). Patients were admitted to CR units after cardiosurgery in 55% of cases, after myocardial infarction in 22%, and for chronic heart failure in 9.6%, without significant differences respect to 1996. A special survey investigated the work-up performed in patients with recent myocardial infarction. The admission ranges from 11th to 20th day, the mean duration of the CR programs ranges from 21 to 34 days. Most of Italian CR units have a definite program for risk stratification and secondary prevention. In particular, the programs of exercise training, educational interventions concerning diet, lifestyle, and smoking cessation, and psycological intervention are well designed, developed, and evaluated before discharge in most cases. In conclusion, although in recent years the number of CR units are increasing, and the quality of care may be well-established by serial evaluations scheduled before discharge and during the long-term follow-up, a further development is mandatory to face the needs of cardiac patients in the post- acute and chronic phase of a cardiac disease.
|Translated title of the contribution||The ISYDE project. A survey on cardiac rehabilitation in Italy|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine