The Italian compassionate use of sofosbuvir in HCV patients waitlisted for liver transplantation: A national real-life experience

the ITACOPS study group

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Abstract

Background & Aims: This study aimed to assess the real-life clinical and virological outcomes of HCV waitlisted patients for liver transplantation (LT) who received sofosbuvir/ribavirin (SOF/R) within the Italian compassionate use program. Methods: Clinical and virological data were collected in 224 patients with decompensated cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) receiving daily SOF/R until LT or up a maximum of 48 weeks. Results: Of 100 transplanted patients, 51 were HCV-RNA negative for >4 weeks before LT (SVR12: 88%) and 49 negative for <4 weeks or still viraemic at transplant: 34 patients continued treatment after LT (bridging therapy) (SVR12: 88%), while 15 stopped treatment (SVR12: 53%). 98 patients completed SOF/R without LT (SVR12: 73%). In patients with advanced decompensated cirrhosis (basal MELD ≥15 and/or C-P ≥B8), a marked improvement of the scores occurred in about 50% of cases and almost 20% of decompensated patients without HCC reached a condition suitable for inactivation and delisting. Conclusions: These real-life data indicate that in waitlisted patients: (i) bridging antiviral therapy can be an option for patients still viraemic or negative <4 weeks at LT; and (ii) clinical improvement to a condition suitable for delisting can occur even in patients with advanced decompensated cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-741
Number of pages9
JournalLiver International
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • bridging therapy
  • decompensated cirrhosis
  • delisting
  • direct-acting antivirals
  • hepatitis C
  • liver transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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