The Italian validation of the minimal assessment of cognitive function in multiple sclerosis (MACFIMS) and the application of the Cognitive Impairment Index scoring procedure in MS patients

Ornella Argento, Chiara C. Incerti, Maria E. Quartuccio, Giuseppe Magistrale, Ada Francia, Carlo Caltagirone, Valerio Pisani, Ugo Nocentini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cognitive dysfunction occurs in almost 50–60% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) even in early stages of the disease and affects different aspects of patient’s life. Aims of the present study were (1) to introduce and validate an Italian version of the minimal assessment of cognitive functions in MS (MACFIMS) battery and (2) to propose the use of the Cognitive Impairment Index (CII) as a scoring procedure to define the degree of impairment in relapsing-remitting (RRMS) and secondary-progressive (SPMS) patients. A total of 240 HC and 123 MS patients performed the Italian version of the MACFIMS composed by the same tests as the original except for the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test. The CII was derived for each score of the 11 scales for participants of both groups. The results of the study show that cognitive impairment affects around 50% of our sample of MS patients. In RRMS group, only the 15.7% of patients reported a severe impairment, while in the group of SPMS, the 51.4% of patients felt in the “severely impaired” group. Results are in line with previously reported percentages of impairment in MS patients, showing that the calculation of the CII applied to the Italian version of the MACFIMS is sensitive and reliable in detecting different degrees of impairment in MS patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalNeurological Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Apr 27 2018

Keywords

  • Cognitive Impairment Index
  • Italian validation
  • MACFIMS
  • Multiple sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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