The Key Search Subtest of the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome in Children (BADS-C) Instrument Reveals Impaired Planning Without External Constraints in Children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1

Daria Riva, Chiara Vago, Alessandra Erbetta, Veronica Saletti, Silvia Esposito, Roberto Micheli, Sara Bulgheroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

© 2017 SAGE Publications. Studies of executive function and its relationship with brain T2-weighted hyperintensities in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) have yielded inconsistent results. We examined 16 children with NF1 aged 8 to 15 years, of normal intelligence, and compared their findings to those of 16 siblings and 16 typically developing children using the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome in Children (BADS-C). NF1 patients had an adequate overall score at BADS-C, but showed significantly lower performance than typical peers in the Key Search subtest. This i s a task that must be solved without any given rules, in which subjects must devise a strategy and an efficient search pattern transferable to other similar real situations. The Key Search scores were not correlated with number and signal characteristics of T2-weighted hyperintensities. Planning without external indications is impaired in children with NF1 because they have to rely entirely on self-organization and monitoring; this study provides information for remediation programs designed to improve functioning in daily life.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-396
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • children
  • executive functions
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2 hyperintensities
  • neurofibromatosis type 1
  • planning

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