We assessed by multiparametric flow cytometry the levels of minimal residual disease (MRD) in 100 adult patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) achieving complete remission after intensive chemotherapy. The aim of the study was to determine the optimal threshold, in terms of residual leukemic cells, and the time point of choice, that is, post-induction (post-Ind) or post-consolidation (post-Cons), able to better predict outcome. By applying the maximally selected log-rank statistics, the threshold discriminating MRD- from MRD+ cases was set at 3.5 × 10-4 residual leukemic cells, a level that allowed the identification of distinct subgroups of patients, both at post-Ind and post-Cons time points. Post-Cons MRD- patients had a superior outcome in terms of relapse rate, overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) (P-4 is valid in discriminating risk categories in adult AML and (2) post-Cons MRD assessment is critical to predict disease outcome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research