The lack of age-pigments and the alterations in intracellular monovalent electrolytes in spontaneously hypertensive, stroke-prone (SHRsp) rats as revealed by electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis

I. Zs.-Nagy I., V. Zs.-Nagy V., T. Casoli, G. Lustyik

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Male, spontaneously hypertensive, stroke-prone (SHRsp) rats established by Okamoto et al. (1974) were studied. About 80% of the males of this strain have a particularly short life span (33-41 weeks); they display a considerable hypertension (above 220 mmHg) and a tendency for plurifocal brain strokes. Hypertension and strokes can be provoked in an accelerated and synchronized fashion by supplementing 1% NaCl into their drinking water. Symptoms of the appearance of brain strokes can be judged from characteristic signs of motor disorders, and can be established also by pathohistology. Since hypertension and arteriosclerosis are frequently involved in aging, the question we intended to answer was whether these animals may represent a model of the normal aging process or not. Two approaches are described: (1) Accumulation of lipofuscin granules in their brain, liver and myocardium was followed by transmission electron microscopy before and after the appearance of strokes. It has been established that these tissues do not show any typical accumulation of lipofuscin granules, although submicroscopic signs of an enhanced damage of cell organelles (especially of mitochondria in liver and brain cells, but not in myocardium) were encountered. (2) The intracellular monovalent X-ray microanalysis. The intracellular Na-content (mEq/kg water) was significantly higher (170-200 %) in both the brain and liver cells, whereas the K-content increased only moderately (118-130 %). The results suggest that although the SHRsp rats do not represent a direct model for the normal aging process from the point of view of lipofuscin accumulation, the shifts of the monovalent electrolyte contents in the brain and liver cells observed already in the youngest ages, are similar to those observed in aged normal rats. The theoretical consequences of such a conclusion are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Pages93-107
Number of pages15
Volume266
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Keywords

  • brain
  • hypertension
  • intracellular monovalent electrolytes
  • lipofuscin
  • liver
  • mitochondrial damage
  • myocardium
  • spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone (SHRsp) rats
  • X-ray microanalysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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