The landscape of epilepsy-related GATOR1 variants

Sara Baldassari, Fabienne Picard, Nienke E. Verbeek, Marjan van Kempen, Eva H. Brilstra, Gaetan Lesca, Valerio Conti, Renzo Guerrini, Francesca Bisulli, Laura Licchetta, Tommaso Pippucci, Paolo Tinuper, Edouard Hirsch, Anne de Saint Martin, Jamel Chelly, Gabrielle Rudolf, Mathilde Chipaux, Sarah Ferrand-Sorbets, Georg Dorfmüller, Sanjay SisodiyaSimona Balestrini, Natasha Schoeler, Laura Hernandez-Hernandez, S. Krithika, Renske Oegema, Eveline Hagebeuk, Boudewijn Gunning, Charles Deckers, Bianca Berghuis, Ilse Wegner, Erik Niks, Floor E. Jansen, Kees Braun, Daniëlle de Jong, Guido Rubboli, Inga Talvik, Valentin Sander, Peter Uldall, Marie Line Jacquemont, Caroline Nava, Eric Leguern, Sophie Julia, Antonio Gambardella, Giuseppe d’Orsi, Giovanni Crichiutti, Laurence Faivre, Veronique Darmency, Barbora Benova, Pavel Krsek, Arnaud Biraben, Anne Sophie Lebre, Mélanie Jennesson, Shifteh Sattar, Cécile Marchal, Douglas R. Nordli, Kristin Lindstrom, Pasquale Striano, Lysa Boissé Lomax, Courtney Kiss, Fabrice Bartolomei, Anne Fabienne Lepine, An Sofie Schoonjans, Katrien Stouffs, Anna Jansen, Eleni Panagiotakaki, Brigitte Ricard-Mousnier, Julien Thevenon, Julitta de Bellescize, Hélène Catenoix, Thomas Dorn, Martin Zenker, Karen Müller-Schlüter, Christian Brandt, Ilona Krey, Tilman Polster, Markus Wolff, Meral Balci, Kevin Rostasy, Guillaume Achaz, Pia Zacher, Thomas Becher, Thomas Cloppenborg, Christopher J. Yuskaitis, Sarah Weckhuysen, Annapurna Poduri, Johannes R. Lemke, Rikke S. Møller, Stéphanie Baulac, Stéphanie Baulac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To define the phenotypic and mutational spectrum of epilepsies related to DEPDC5, NPRL2 and NPRL3 genes encoding the GATOR1 complex, a negative regulator of the mTORC1 pathway Methods: We analyzed clinical and genetic data of 73 novel probands (familial and sporadic) with epilepsy-related variants in GATOR1-encoding genes and proposed new guidelines for clinical interpretation of GATOR1 variants. Results: The GATOR1 seizure phenotype consisted mostly in focal seizures (e.g., hypermotor or frontal lobe seizures in 50%), with a mean age at onset of 4.4 years, often sleep-related and drug-resistant (54%), and associated with focal cortical dysplasia (20%). Infantile spasms were reported in 10% of the probands. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) occurred in 10% of the families. Novel classification framework of all 140 epilepsy-related GATOR1 variants (including the variants of this study) revealed that 68% are loss-of-function pathogenic, 14% are likely pathogenic, 15% are variants of uncertain significance and 3% are likely benign. Conclusion: Our data emphasize the increasingly important role of GATOR1 genes in the pathogenesis of focal epilepsies (>180 probands to date). The GATOR1 phenotypic spectrum ranges from sporadic early-onset epilepsies with cognitive impairment comorbidities to familial focal epilepsies, and SUDEP.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGenetics in Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2018

Keywords

  • DEPDC5
  • Focal cortical dysplasia
  • Genetic focal epilepsy
  • mTORC1 pathway
  • SUDEP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

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