Licofelone is an analogue of arachidonic acid that inhibits 5-lipoxygenase (LOX), cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2. We investigated the effects of licofelone on cardiovascular derangements and production of thromboxane (Tx)A2 induced by the inflammatory agonist n-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) in the rabbit, in comparison with those of aspirin or rofecoxib, inhibitors of COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. In control rabbits, injection of fMLP (30 nmol/kg) in the jugular vein evokes ischemic electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in the first 1-5 min, i.e. a profound depression of the ST segment and inversion of the T wave. Simultaneously, fMLP induces bradycardia and hypotension and increases TxB2 blood levels. All changes are transient. Licofelone (60 mg/kg/5 days, p.os) prevented fMLP-induced ECG ischemic changes in all treated animals, reverted bradycardia and hypotension, and significantly reduced TxB2. Aspirin (10 mg/kg/5 days, p.os) prevented ischemic ECG alterations in 2 out of 5 treated animals and did not modify either bradycardia or hypotension. One rabbit died two min after fMLP. In 2 rabbits, aspirin reduced TxB2 levels by more than 80% respect to mean control values; the remaining two rabbits produced an amount of TxB2 similar to controls. These two rabbits also showed ischemic ECG changes. Rofecoxib (10 mg/kg/5 days, p.os) did not prevent fMLP-induced ischemic ECG alteration, bradycardia and hypotension, and did not significantly modify the increase of TxB2. These results indicate that the capacity of licofelone to efficiently suppress TxA2 production, is responsible for the protection from the cardiovascular derangement triggered by an inflammatory stimulus.
- Cardiovascular ischemia
- COX-1/COX-2-dependent TxA
- Leukocyte activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience