The locus for a novel syndromic form of neuronal intestinal pseudoobstruction maps to Xq28

Alberto Auricchio, Valeria Brancolini, Giorgio Casari, Peter J. Milla, Virpi V. Smith, Marcella Devoto, Andrea Ballabio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The neuronal type of primary chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudoobstruction (CIIP) results from the developmental failure of enteric neurons to migrate or differentiate correctly. This leads to intestinal motility disorders, which are characterized by symptoms and signs of bowel obstruction in the absence of a mechanical obstacle. Most of these conditions are congenital, and among them some are inherited. One syndromic condition characterized by intestinal pseudoobstruction with morphological abnormalities of the argyrophil neurons in the myenteric plexus, associated with short small bowel, malrotation, and pyloric hypertrophy, has been previously described. We have studied a family affected by this disorder, in which the disease appeared to segregate as an X-linked recessive trait. In order to map the CIIP locus in this family, we performed linkage analysis in 26 family members by use of highly polymorphic microsatellite markers from the X chromosome. One of these markers, DXYS154, located in the distal part of Xq28, shows no recombination with a maximum lod score of 2.32. Multipoint analysis excluded linkage with markers spanning other regions of the X chromosome. Our results, integrated with the current genetic and physical map of Xq28, determine the order of loci as cen-DXS15-(CIIPX)- DXS1108/DXYS154-tel. This study establishes, for the first time, the mapping assignment of a neuropathic form of CIIP other than Hirschsprung disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-748
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume58
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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    Auricchio, A., Brancolini, V., Casari, G., Milla, P. J., Smith, V. V., Devoto, M., & Ballabio, A. (1996). The locus for a novel syndromic form of neuronal intestinal pseudoobstruction maps to Xq28. American Journal of Human Genetics, 58(4), 743-748.