The long non-coding RNA prader willi/angelman region RNA5 (PAR5) is downregulated in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas where it acts as a tumor suppressor by reducing EZH2 activity

Simona Pellecchia, Romina Sepe, Myriam Decaussin-Petrucci, Cristina Ivan, Masayoshi Shimizu, Carmela Coppola, Domenico Testa, George Adrian Calin, Alfredo Fusco, Pierlorenzo Pallante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) represents one the most aggressive neoplasias in humans, and, nowadays, limited advances have been made to extend the survival and reduce the mortality of ATC. Thus, the identification of molecular mechanism underlying its progression is needed. Here, we evaluated the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression profile of nine ATC in comparison with five normal thyroid tissues by a lncRNA microarray. By this analysis, we identified 19 upregulated and 28 downregulated lncRNAs with a fold change >1.1 or 1.1 and p-value < 0.05, in ATC samples. Some of them were subsequently validated by qRT-PCR. Then, we investigated the role of the lncRNA Prader Willi/Angelman region RNA5 (PAR5), drastically and specifically downregulated in ATC. The restoration of PAR5 reduces proliferation and migration rates of ATC-derived cell lines indicating that its downregulation contributes to thyroid cancer progression. Our results suggest that PAR5 exerts its anti-oncogenic role by impairing Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 (EZH2) oncogenic activity since we demonstrated that PAR5 interacts with it in thyroid cancer cell lines, reducing EZH2 protein levels and its binding on the E-cadherin promoter, relieving E-cadherin from the negative regulation by EZH2. Consistently, EZH2 is overexpressed in ATC, but not in differentiated thyroid carcinomas. The results reported here define a tumor suppressor role for PAR5 in undifferentiated thyroid neoplasias, further highlighting the pivotal role of lncRNAs in thyroid carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma
  • EZH2
  • Long non-coding RNA
  • PAR5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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