Little information is available about the long-term outcome of renal transplantation in patients with systemic vasculitis (SV). We compared the outcomes of 19 renal transplant recipients with SV with those of 38 controls matched for time of transplantation, age, gender and source of donor. The mean post-transplant follow-up was 58 ± 57 months for vasculitic patients and 61 ± 49 months for controls. The actuarial 10-year patient survival was 87% in vasculitic patients and 90% in controls, death-censored graft survival were 84% and 100%, respectively. The risks of acute and chronic rejection, and arterial hypertension were not significantly different between the two groups. Infection was significantly more frequent in vasculitic patients (74% vs. 34%; p = 0.01). Seven patients (36.8%) had a recurrence of vasculitis in mean 45 months after renal transplant (0.076/patients/year). After recurrence, one patient had an irreversible humoral rejection, another died from hemophagocytosis and another restarted dialysis 1 year later. Long-term patient and renal allograft survival in vasculitic patients was good. Although graft function recovered in most relapsers after reinforcement of immunosuppression, one patient died and two lost graft function.
- Necrotizing glomerulonephritis
- Renal transplant
- Systemic vasculitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas