Objective: Our objective is to report the world's largest series with the longest follow-up of robotic lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: This was a multi-institutional retrospective review of a consecutive series of patients from 4 institutions' prospective robotic databases. Results: There were 1339 patients (men 55%, median age 68 years). The median operative time was 136 minutes, median number of lymph nodes was 13 (5 N2 stations and 1 N1), median blood loss was 50 cc, and 4 (0.005%) patients received intraoperative transfusions. Conversions occurred in 116 patients (9%) and for bleeding in 24 (2%). Median length of stay was 3 days. Major morbidity occurred in 8%. The 30-day and 90-day operative mortality was 0.2% and 0.5%, respectively. Follow-up was complete in 99% of patients with a median follow-up of 30 months (range 1-154 months). The 5-year stage-specific survival was: 83% for the 672 patients with stage IA NSCLC, 77% for the 281 patients with stage IB, 68% for the 118 patients with stage IIA, 70% for 99 patients with IIB, 62% for 143 patients with stage IIIA (122 had N2 disease, 73%), and 31% for 8 patients with stage IIIB (none had N3 disease). The cumulative incidence of metastatic NSCLC was 15% (128 patients, 95% confidence interval, 13%-18%). The cumulative incidence of local recurrence in the ipsilateral operated chest was 3% only (26 patients, 95% confidence interval, 2%-5%). Conclusions: The oncologic results of robotic lobectomy for NSCLC are promising, especially for patients with pathologic N2 disease. However, further follow-up and studies are needed.
- Lung cancer
- Quality outcomes
- Robotic surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine