The loss of ATP2C1 impairs the DNA damage response and induces altered skin homeostasis: Consequences for epidermal biology in Hailey-Hailey disease

Samantha Cialfi, Loredana Le Pera, Carlo De Blasio, Germano Mariano, Rocco Palermo, Azzurra Zonfrilli, Daniela Uccelletti, Claudio Palleschi, Gianfranco Biolcati, Luca Barbieri, Isabella Screpanti, Claudio Talora

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Abstract

Mutation of the Golgi Ca 2+ -ATPase ATP2C1 is associated with deregulated calcium homeostasis and altered skin function. ATP2C1 mutations have been identified as having a causative role in Hailey-Hailey disease, an autosomal-dominant skin disorder. Here, we identified ATP2C1 as a crucial regulator of epidermal homeostasis through the regulation of oxidative stress. Upon ATP2C1 inactivation, oxidative stress and Notch1 activation were increased in cultured human keratinocytes. Using RNA-seq experiments, we found that the DNA damage response (DDR) was consistently down-regulated in keratinocytes derived from the lesions of patients with Hailey-Hailey disease. Although oxidative stress activates the DDR, ATP2C1 inactivation down-regulates DDR gene expression. We showed that the DDR response was a major target of oxidative stress-induced Notch1 activation. Here, we show that this activation is functionally important because early Notch1 activation in keratinocytes induces keratinocyte differentiation and represses the DDR. These results indicate that an ATP2C1/NOTCH1 axis might be critical for keratinocyte function and cutaneous homeostasis, suggesting a plausible model for the pathological features of Hailey-Hailey disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31567
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 16 2016

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Cialfi, S., Le Pera, L., De Blasio, C., Mariano, G., Palermo, R., Zonfrilli, A., Uccelletti, D., Palleschi, C., Biolcati, G., Barbieri, L., Screpanti, I., & Talora, C. (2016). The loss of ATP2C1 impairs the DNA damage response and induces altered skin homeostasis: Consequences for epidermal biology in Hailey-Hailey disease. Scientific Reports, 6, [31567]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep31567