Background: Chronic malnutrition at pediatric age is an indication for prolonged enteral nutritional support. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from all patients aged less than 18 years who were discharged on home enteral nutrition from the Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit of Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital in Rome between January 1996 and December 2009. Results: In our survey 349 patients with chronic diseases received home enteral nutrition. The use of home enteral nutrition increased significantly over the study period. Complications occurred in 42 patients (12%). Seventeen patients died because of complications related to their disease. Conclusion: The clinical approach to patients with chronic diseases should include careful monitoring of nutritional status and timely planning of nutritional support. Malnutrition can be successfully treated by home enteral nutrition in many chronic diseases in childhood. Because the efficacy and safety of home enteral nutrition are increasingly recognized, its use has been increasing over time.
- Chronic diseases
- Home enteral nutrition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Nutrition and Dietetics