The maturation potential of NK cell clones toward autologous dendritic cells correlates with HMGB1 secretion

Claudia Semino, Jenny Ceccarelli, Lavinia V. Lotti, Maria R. Torrisi, Giovanna Angelini, Anna Rubartelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Interaction of NK cells with autologous immature dendritic cells (iDCs) results in reciprocal activation. We have previously reported that NK cells trigger iDC to polarize and secrete IL-18; in turn, DC-activated NK cells secrete the nuclear protein/proinflammatory cytokine high mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1), which induces DC maturation and prevents DC from lysis. However, activated NK cells can also kill iDC. To investigate whether effector and maturative properties may coexist or segregate in different NK subsets, human NK cell clones were generated and analyzed for their effects on iDC. We found that the ability of different NK cell clones to induce iDC maturation is unlinked to their phenotypic and cytolytic features but correlates with the relocation of HMGB1 from nucleus to cytoplasm. "Maturative" NK cell clones secrete HMGB1 spontaneously. It is interesting that secretion is strongly enhanced by engagement of the surface molecule NKp30 but only slightly induced by triggering of the activating NK receptor CD16. However, culturing freshly isolated NK cells for 1 week with low doses of anti-CD16 triggers the relocation of HMGB1 from nucleus to cytoplasm and its spontaneous secretion, resulting in a stronger maturation potential of the NK cells. Together, our data indicate that NK cells comprise functionally different subsets, endowed with different capacities to secrete HMGB1 and to induce maturation of autologous iDC. Nonetheless, maturation properties can be modulated by different stimuli. This suggests that depending on the environmental stimuli, NK/iDC interaction can lead to different outcomes, thus influencing immune response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-99
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • Cytokine
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Innate immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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    Semino, C., Ceccarelli, J., Lotti, L. V., Torrisi, M. R., Angelini, G., & Rubartelli, A. (2007). The maturation potential of NK cell clones toward autologous dendritic cells correlates with HMGB1 secretion. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 81(1), 92-99. https://doi.org/10.1189/jlb.0306172