The MCP-1 Gene (SCYA2) and mood disorders: Preliminary results of a case-control association study

A. Carlo Altamura, Emanuela Mundo, Elisabetta Cattaneo, Sara Pozzoli, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Massimo Gennarelli, Carlo Vergani, Daria Trabattoni, Beatrice Arosio, Mario Clerici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this case-control study was to investigate the potential role of the A-2518G polymorphism of the gene of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1, a cytokine playing an important role in innate immunity) in conferring susceptibility to mood disorders. The sample studied included 96 outpatients with DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder I (BD I) or BD II and 161 matched healthy controls. All subjects were genotyped for the A-2518G polymorphism of the MCP-1 gene. Genotypic and allelic associations were explored between patients and controls and across the different diagnostic groups (χ2 tests). No genotypic (χ2 = 8.215, d.f. = 6, p = 0.223) or allelic (χ2 = 5.058, d.f. = 3, p = 0.168) association for the A-2518G polymorphism of SCYA2 was found considering cases and controls. Nevertheless, important correlations were observed when patients were divided into diagnostic subgroups. A significantly higher frequency of the AA genotype (χ2 = 7.233, d.f. = 2, p = 0.027) and of the A allele (χ2 = 4.730, d.f. = 1, p = 0.030) was observed in subjects with BD. In addition, independently from diagnosis, a higher number of lifetime suicide attempts was found in subjects with the AA genotype of the A-2518G polymorphism of the MCP-1 gene (F = 3.802, p = 0.026). The present preliminary results, though limited by the relatively small sample, suggest a possible role of the SCYA2 in conferring susceptibility to BD and, if confirmed, may represent a biological discriminative influence between mood disorder subtypes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-131
Number of pages6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010


  • MCP-1
  • Mood disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Immunology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Neurology


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