The methylation of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA in ageing phenotypes and longevity

Maria Giulia Bacalini, Patrizia D'Aquila, Elena Marasco, Christine Nardini, Alberto Montesanto, Claudio Franceschi, Giuseppe Passarino, Paolo Garagnani, Dina Bellizzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An increasing body of data is progressively indicating that the comprehension of the epigenetic landscape, actively integrated with the genetic elements, is crucial to delineate the molecular basis of the inter-individual complexity of ageing process. Indeed, it has emerged that DNA methylation changes occur during ageing, consisting mainly in a progressive process of genome demethylation, in a hypermethylation of gene-specific CpG dinucleotides, as well as in an inter-individual divergence of the epigenome due to stochastic events and environmental exposures throughout life, namely as epigenetic drift.Additionally, it has also come to light an implication of the mitochondrial genome in the regulation of the intracellular epigenetic landscape, as demonstrated by the being itself object of epigenetic modifications.An overview of DNA methylation changes occurring during ageing process at both nuclear and mitochondrial level will be described in this review, also taking into account the recent and promising data available on the 5-hydroxymethylcytosine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-61
JournalMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Volume165
Issue numberPt B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Ageing
  • Ageing phenotypes
  • Centenarians
  • Epigenetic clock
  • Epigenetic drift
  • Longevity
  • Mitochondrial DNA methylation
  • Nuclear DNA methylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Developmental Biology

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  • Cite this

    Bacalini, M. G., D'Aquila, P., Marasco, E., Nardini, C., Montesanto, A., Franceschi, C., Passarino, G., Garagnani, P., & Bellizzi, D. (2017). The methylation of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA in ageing phenotypes and longevity. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 165(Pt B), 156-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mad.2017.01.006