p202 is a murine interferon (IFN)-inducible protein belonging to a cluster of IFN-inducible genes (the 200 family) located in a segment of chromosome 1. It is a nuclear DNA-binding protein that is able to modulate transcription by interacting with a heterogeneous set of transcription factors, including NF-κB, (p50/p65), AP-1, c-fos, c-jun, and RB-1. The p202 protein is believed to attenuate cell growth/proliferation, mainly through the activation of IFN-stimulated of gene factor 3 (ISGF3), which binds IFN-stimulated response elements (ISRE) located in the promoters of type I IFN genes. In this report, we show that the p202 gene can also be induced by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), a mitogen known to drive G0-arrested cells toward reentry into the cell cycle. PDGF transiently enhances the steady-state mRNA level of p202 and increases the p202 protein level independently from IFN signaling, by acting at the transcriptional level on its promoter. The kinetics of p202 induction by PDGF are faster and more transient than those of IFN. These data identify p202 as a member of the IFN-inducible gene family that can be directly regulated by mitogenic stimuli.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology