The negative prognostic synergism of anemia and heart disease in female nursing home residents

Renata De Maria, Vittorino Ripamonti, Riccardo Sandri, Aldo Pisani Ceretti, Maurizio Ferratini

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This study assessed functional and cognitive status, hemoglobin, serum creatinine, and heart disease from chart reviews in 441 female nursing home residents (mean age 86.8 ± 7.5 years) and correlated the findings with 1-year survival. Independent predictors of outcome were older age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.13 to 2.73), Barthel index (HR 0.31, 95% CI 0.15 to 0.62), and the combined presence of anemia (hemoglobin ≤11 g/dl) and heart disease (HR 3.50, 95% CI 1.50 to 7.47). Survival rates were 92% in the reference group with neither anemia nor heart disease, 91% in anemic subjects without heart disease, 87% in nonanemic patients with heart disease, and 72% in women with the 2 conditions (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1460-1462
Number of pages3
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2005


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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