The neural systems sustaining face and proper-name processing

M. L Gorno Tempini, Cathy J. Price, O. Josephs, R. Vandenberghe, S. F. Cappa, N. Kapur, R. S J Frackowiak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This PET study has revealed the neural system involved in implicit face, proper-name and object name processing during an explicit visual 'same' versus 'different' matching task. Within the identified system, some areas were equally active irrespective of modality (faces or names) or type of stimuli (famous and non-famous) while other areas exhibited differential effects. Our findings support the hypothesis that faces and names involve differential pre-semantic processing prior to accessing a common neural system of stored knowledge of personal identity which overlaps with the one associated with object knowledge. The areas specialized for the perceptual analysis of faces (irrespective of whether they are famous or non-famous) are the right lingual and bilateral fusiform gyri, while the areas specialized for famous stimuli (irrespective of whether they are faces or names) spread from the left anterior temporal to the left temporoparietal regions. One specific area, the more lateral portion of the left anterior middle temporal gyrus, showed increased activation for famous faces relative to famous proper names and for famous proper names relative to common names. The differential responsiveness of this region when processing familiar people suggests functional segregation of either personal attributes or, more likely, the demands placed on processes that retrieve stored knowledge when stimuli have highly similar visual features but unique semantic associations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2103-2118
Number of pages16
JournalBrain
Volume121
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Names
Temporal Lobe
Semantic Differential
Tongue
Semantics

Keywords

  • Faces
  • PET
  • Proper names
  • Semantic processing
  • Temporal lobe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Tempini, M. L. G., Price, C. J., Josephs, O., Vandenberghe, R., Cappa, S. F., Kapur, N., & Frackowiak, R. S. J. (1998). The neural systems sustaining face and proper-name processing. Brain, 121(11), 2103-2118. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/121.11.2103

The neural systems sustaining face and proper-name processing. / Tempini, M. L Gorno; Price, Cathy J.; Josephs, O.; Vandenberghe, R.; Cappa, S. F.; Kapur, N.; Frackowiak, R. S J.

In: Brain, Vol. 121, No. 11, 1998, p. 2103-2118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tempini, MLG, Price, CJ, Josephs, O, Vandenberghe, R, Cappa, SF, Kapur, N & Frackowiak, RSJ 1998, 'The neural systems sustaining face and proper-name processing', Brain, vol. 121, no. 11, pp. 2103-2118. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/121.11.2103
Tempini MLG, Price CJ, Josephs O, Vandenberghe R, Cappa SF, Kapur N et al. The neural systems sustaining face and proper-name processing. Brain. 1998;121(11):2103-2118. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/121.11.2103
Tempini, M. L Gorno ; Price, Cathy J. ; Josephs, O. ; Vandenberghe, R. ; Cappa, S. F. ; Kapur, N. ; Frackowiak, R. S J. / The neural systems sustaining face and proper-name processing. In: Brain. 1998 ; Vol. 121, No. 11. pp. 2103-2118.
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