The "no-dissection" technique is safe for reoperative aortic valve replacement with a patent left internal thoracic artery graft.

Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Foeke Nauta, Wernard Borstlap, Siobhan McGurk, James D. Rawn, Lawrence H. Cohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Management of a patent left internal thoracic artery graft during reoperation is controversial. The "no-dissection" technique avoids dissection and clamping of the left internal thoracic artery graft, and myocardial protection is achieved using adjunctive systemic hypothermia and hyperkalemia. We compared the postoperative outcomes after isolated reoperative aortic valve replacement in patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting with a patent left internal thoracic artery graft using a no-dissection technique with the outcomes of patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting without a left internal thoracic artery graft. The outcomes were analyzed for patients who underwent isolated reoperative aortic valve replacement with previous coronary artery bypass grafting from January 1, 2002, to June, 30, 2011. Patency of the left internal thoracic artery was confirmed using either coronary angiography or computed tomography angiography. The patent left internal thoracic artery group did not undergo dissection or clamping of the left internal thoracic artery graft, and myocardial protection was obtained using systemic hypothermia and hyperkalemia. The no left internal thoracic artery group underwent isolated aortic valve replacement with previous coronary artery bypass grafting but had no left internal thoracic artery graft. A total 174 patients were identified for the patent left internal thoracic artery group and 26 for the no left internal thoracic artery group. The perfusion and crossclamp times were similar. No differences were seen between the 2 groups in operative mortality (6.9% vs 7.7%, P = 1.00). The complication rates were similar, and the peak creatine kinase-MB values within 24 hours of surgery were not significantly different between the 2 groups (median, 27.4 vs 29 μ/mL; P = .72). Reoperative aortic valve replacement in patients with previous coronary artery bypass grafting and a patent left internal thoracic artery graft can be performed safely without dissection or clamping of the left internal thoracic artery using systemic hyperkalemia and hypothermia. We believe this method prevents unnecessary injury during dissection of the left internal thoracic artery graft.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1036-1040
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume144
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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