The occlusal plane in the facial context: Inter-operator repeatability of a new three-dimensional method

Riccardo Rosati, Alberto Rossetti, Marcio De Menezes, Virgilio F. Ferrario, Chiarella Sforza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The repeatability of a non-invasive digital protocol proposed to evaluate the three-dimensional (3D) position of the occlusal plane in the face is assessed. Dental virtual models and soft tissue facial morphology of 20 adult subjects were digitally integrated using a 3D stereophotogrammetric imaging system. The digital 3D coordinates of facial and dental landmarks were obtained by two different operators. Camper's (facial) and occlusal (dental) planes were individuated, and their 3D relationships were measured. The repeatability of the protocol was investigated and showed no significant differences in repeated digitizations. The angle between occlusal and Camper's planes was smaller than 2° in the frontal and horizontal projections. In the sagittal projection, the angle was observed to be, on average, 4.9°. The determined occlusal plane pitch, roll and yaw values show good agreement with previously published data obtained by different protocols. The current non-invasive method was repeatable, without inter-operator differences and can facilitate assessment of healthy subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-37
Number of pages4
JournalInternational journal of oral science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012



  • healthy subjects
  • occlusal plane
  • stereophotogrammetry
  • three-dimensional analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this