Background: Changes in hemodynamics, coronary circulation, visceral flow, and biochemical marker rate reduction or volume deflation for intraaortic balloon pump discontinuation were assessed. Methods: Twelve healthy pigs were randomly assigned to two groups, the rate-based (RB, n = 6) and volume-based weaning groups (VB, n = 6). Hemodynamics and visceral and coronary flows were measured at baseline after 2 hours of intraaortic balloon pump 1:1, during the first 5 hours of weaning (frequency rate reduced to 1:2 in the RB group and volume decreased by 10%/h in the VB group), after 1 hour of frequency rate 1:3 in the RB group or a volume decrease by 75% in the VB group, 2 hours after withdrawal, and 4 hours after withdrawal. Results: The animals weaned by progressive VB deflation showed a greater degree of vasodilation, better cardiac output and stroke volume, fewer negative values of cardiac cycle efficiency, and higher dP/dTmax compared with those weaned by RB reduction (p <0.05 for all). The VB group also exhibited increased coronary flow, lower oxygen consumption of the myocardium, and coronary resistance during VB weaning (p <0.05 for all). The serum lactate level was lower in the VB group at each experimental point (p <0.05 for all), but visceral flows were scarcely affected by the weaning method. Conclusions: Volume reduction was the most effective weaning method considering that frequency reduction weaning was responsible for significant negative effects on hemodynamics and coronary circulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine