If the quality of results of organ transplantation in NITp is highly satisfactory, the same cannot be said for the number of transplants performed, which only cover 20-25% of the requirement. To understand the causes of organ shortage, a study group of Anaesthesiologists and Transplant Coordinators from the North Italy Transplant Program (NITp) investigated, through a questionnaire addressed to the Heads of 103 Intensive Care Units (ICU) in 92 Hospitals in the NITp area, some of the organizational problems linked to donor identification and treatment and to organ retrieval. The questionnaire took into consideration the number of possible donors identified in 1990, those retrieved and the causes for non retrieving organs and examined a number of variables linked both to retrieval and to ICUs and Hospitals organization. The results show that potential donors were 461: 143 (31%) were used, 138 (30%) were lost due to family opposition to organ donation, 192 (20%) for clinical reasons and 88 (19%) for organizational reasons. The latter figure represents 5% of non retrieval in the most active ICUs and increases to 50% in the Hospitals that had procured no donors in 1990. The main obstacles for ICUs to procure organ donors are: convey the Medical-Legal Committee, carry out of complicated administrative procedures, availability of round the clock specialized equipment for neurological assessment (especially for ICU outside Neurosurgical and Neurological departments), inadequate number of medical and nursing staff, most of all at night, and finally the difficulty in the management of non-traumatic cerebrovascular patients.
|Translated title of the contribution||The organizational problems of the hospitals of the Nord Italia Transplant Program (NITp) engaged in the activities of organ retrieval for transplantation. The Collaborative Group of Resuscitation Anesthetists|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine