The original calibre of the lower limbs arteries as a possible risk factor for complications of atherosclerosis: a statistical investigation in 90 subjects by echocolor-doppler.

C. Macchi, F. Giannelli, C. Catini, M. Gulisano, P. Pacini, E. Brizzi

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Abstract

Ninety subjects with emodynamically significant atherosclerotic disease of the lower limbs were examined. They had no history of diabetes mellitus or hypertension. Each subject underwent a color Doppler ultrasonographic study of the common iliac, superficial femoral, and popliteal arteries. In each arterial segment, diameter and blood flow velocity were measured. In evaluating the hemodynamic significance of the stenoses, we used the Windsor method. In a comparison of the calibers of the arteries significant relationship emerged in each given subject in two sexes. Males: a statistically significant difference was found only in the iliac artery, in which the calibre and Windsor indices were greater in the right as compared to the left; right: 1) There was a statistically significant relationship between mean caliber and Windsor indices, (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05); Left: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis (p <0.05) and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05). Females: Student's t test for paired samples of the three arteries did not reveal a statistically significant predominance of one side over the other. With respect to the coefficients of correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices, the results were as follows. Right: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between age and mean calibre (p <0.05); Left: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis (p <0.05) and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-228
Number of pages10
JournalItalian journal of anatomy and embryology = Archivio italiano di anatomia ed embriologia
Volume99
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1994

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Lower Extremity
Atherosclerosis
Arteries
Popliteal Artery
Blood Flow Velocity
Iliac Artery
Femoral Artery
Diabetes Mellitus
Pathologic Constriction
Color
Hemodynamics
Students
Hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "The original calibre of the lower limbs arteries as a possible risk factor for complications of atherosclerosis: a statistical investigation in 90 subjects by echocolor-doppler.",
abstract = "Ninety subjects with emodynamically significant atherosclerotic disease of the lower limbs were examined. They had no history of diabetes mellitus or hypertension. Each subject underwent a color Doppler ultrasonographic study of the common iliac, superficial femoral, and popliteal arteries. In each arterial segment, diameter and blood flow velocity were measured. In evaluating the hemodynamic significance of the stenoses, we used the Windsor method. In a comparison of the calibers of the arteries significant relationship emerged in each given subject in two sexes. Males: a statistically significant difference was found only in the iliac artery, in which the calibre and Windsor indices were greater in the right as compared to the left; right: 1) There was a statistically significant relationship between mean caliber and Windsor indices, (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05); Left: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis (p <0.05) and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05). Females: Student's t test for paired samples of the three arteries did not reveal a statistically significant predominance of one side over the other. With respect to the coefficients of correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices, the results were as follows. Right: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between age and mean calibre (p <0.05); Left: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis (p <0.05) and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05).",
author = "C. Macchi and F. Giannelli and C. Catini and M. Gulisano and P. Pacini and E. Brizzi",
year = "1994",
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pages = "219--228",
journal = "Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The original calibre of the lower limbs arteries as a possible risk factor for complications of atherosclerosis

T2 - a statistical investigation in 90 subjects by echocolor-doppler.

AU - Macchi, C.

AU - Giannelli, F.

AU - Catini, C.

AU - Gulisano, M.

AU - Pacini, P.

AU - Brizzi, E.

PY - 1994/10

Y1 - 1994/10

N2 - Ninety subjects with emodynamically significant atherosclerotic disease of the lower limbs were examined. They had no history of diabetes mellitus or hypertension. Each subject underwent a color Doppler ultrasonographic study of the common iliac, superficial femoral, and popliteal arteries. In each arterial segment, diameter and blood flow velocity were measured. In evaluating the hemodynamic significance of the stenoses, we used the Windsor method. In a comparison of the calibers of the arteries significant relationship emerged in each given subject in two sexes. Males: a statistically significant difference was found only in the iliac artery, in which the calibre and Windsor indices were greater in the right as compared to the left; right: 1) There was a statistically significant relationship between mean caliber and Windsor indices, (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05); Left: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis (p <0.05) and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05). Females: Student's t test for paired samples of the three arteries did not reveal a statistically significant predominance of one side over the other. With respect to the coefficients of correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices, the results were as follows. Right: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between age and mean calibre (p <0.05); Left: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis (p <0.05) and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05).

AB - Ninety subjects with emodynamically significant atherosclerotic disease of the lower limbs were examined. They had no history of diabetes mellitus or hypertension. Each subject underwent a color Doppler ultrasonographic study of the common iliac, superficial femoral, and popliteal arteries. In each arterial segment, diameter and blood flow velocity were measured. In evaluating the hemodynamic significance of the stenoses, we used the Windsor method. In a comparison of the calibers of the arteries significant relationship emerged in each given subject in two sexes. Males: a statistically significant difference was found only in the iliac artery, in which the calibre and Windsor indices were greater in the right as compared to the left; right: 1) There was a statistically significant relationship between mean caliber and Windsor indices, (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05); Left: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis (p <0.05) and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05). Females: Student's t test for paired samples of the three arteries did not reveal a statistically significant predominance of one side over the other. With respect to the coefficients of correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices, the results were as follows. Right: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between age and mean calibre (p <0.05); Left: 1) There was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and Windsor indices calculated at the levels of both the posterior tibialis (p <0.05) and dorsalis pedis arteries (p <0.01); 2) there was a statistically significant correlation between mean calibre and age (p <0.05).

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