The P2Y4 receptor forms homo-oligomeric complexes in several CNS and PNS neuronal cells

Nadia D'Ambrosi, Monia Iafrate, Fabrizio Vacca, Susanna Amadio, Alessandro Tozzi, Nicola B. Mercuri, Cinzia Volonté

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It is well established that several cell surface receptors interact with each other to form dimers and oligomers, which are essential for their activation. Since little is known about the quaternary structure of P2Y receptors, in the present work, we investigated the expression of the G-protein-coupled P2Y4 subunit as monomeric or higher-order complex protein. We examined both endogenously expressed P2Y4 subtype with the aid of specific anti-P2Y4 antiserum, and heterologously transfected P2Y4-tagged receptors with the use of antitag antibodies. In both cases, we found the P2Y4 receptor displaying molecular masses corresponding to monomeric, dimeric and oligomeric structures. Experiments performed in the absence of reducing agents demonstrated that there is a strict correlation among the multiple protein bands and that the multimeric forms are at least partially assembled by disulphide bonds. The direct demonstration of P2Y4 homodimerisation comes instead from co-transfection and differential co-immunoprecipitation experiments, with the use of differently tagged P2Y4 receptors and antitag antibodies. The structural propensity of the P2Y4 protein to form homo-oligomers may open the possibility of a novel regulatory mechanism of physiopathological functions for this and additional P2Y receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-582
Number of pages8
JournalPurinergic Signalling
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Keywords

  • G-protein-coupled receptors
  • PC12cells
  • Purinergic receptor
  • Receptor dimerisation
  • SH-SY5Ycells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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