The pancreatic cancer cell line MIA PaCa2 produces one or more factors able to induce hyperglycemia in SCID mice

D. Basso, L. Brigato, A. Veronesi, M. P. Panozzo, A. Amadori, M. Plebani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A reduced glucose tolerance or frank diabetes mellitus is a frequent finding in patients with pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study was to verify whether the pancreatic cancer cell line MIA PaCa2 was able to produce any factor which could induce hyperglycemia in SCID (severe complete immunodeficient) mice. MIA PaCa2 cells were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) for 7 days. Twenty-five female SCID mice were used. They were daily i.p. injected with 300 ul of cell culture supernatants (Group T, n = 13) or with 300 ul of DMEM (Group C, n = 12) and followed up for 82 days. Blood glucose levels were significantly higher in Group T than in Group C on days 10 and 25. Intravenous glucose tolerance test, successfully performed in 9 animals (4 controls and 5 treated), demonstrated a significantly reduced glucose tolerance in Group T compared to Group C mice. At sacrifice, plasma and pancreatic insulin and glucagon levels did not vary between groups. The ratio between pancreatic and plasma insulin was significantly lower in Group T than in Group C. We conclude that: 1. The pancreatic cancer cell line MIA PaCa2 produces one or more soluble factors able to cause hyperglycemia in vivo; 2. this effect is not immunologically mediated, and 3. this/these factor/s could both interfere with the pancreatic beta cells and/or with insulin peripheral action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2585-2588
Number of pages4
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume15
Issue number6 B
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • MIAPaCa 2
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • SCID mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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