The patterns of uterine contractility in normal menstruating women: From physiology to pathology

Carlo Bulletti, Dominique De Ziegler, Paolo Levi Setti, Ettore Cicinelli, Valeria Polli, Carlo Flamigni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The nonpregnant uterus shows uterine activity throughout the menstrual cycle. This uterine activity was detected both by single strep tissue and by using intrauterine pressure recordings in vitro and in vivo. Today, ultrasound has made it possible to study this activity with a noninvasive approach and to assess uterine contractions (UCs) in real-time movements of the uterus. Throughout the menstrual cycle, wavelike activity patterns of the reproductive organ were established. These patterns are under control of steroid hormones. Adequate UCs may provide for gamete/embryo transportation throughout the uterotubal cavities and successful embryo implantation in spontaneous and/or assisted reproduction. Inadequate UCs may produce ectopic pregnancy, miscarriages, retrograde bleeding with dysmenorrhea, and endometriosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-83
Number of pages20
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume1034
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Endometrial waves
  • Intrauterine pressure
  • Nonpregnant uterus
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Uterine contractions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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