The peptide-binding specificity of HLA-B27 subtype (B*2705) analyzed by the use of polyalanine model peptides

Doriana Fruci, Giulia Greco, Eliana Vigneti, Nobuyuki Tanigaki, Richard H. Butler, Roberto Tosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Model peptides have been used to quantitate the effect on HLA-B*2705 binding of the spacing between primary anchor residues, the type of amino acid accepted in the P9 anchor position, and the type of amino acid accepted in the "secondary anchor positions" P3 and P7. Peptide binding was measured by the HLA class I α-chain-refolding assay. The results obtained show that (a) Among the model peptides differing in the spacing between anchor residues, the nonamer with Arg in P2 and Lys in P9 (R2, K9) has the maximum binding with B*2705 molecule. The decamer, with an extra Ala inserted between Arg and Lys (R2, K10), has much lower binding, and still lower binding is observed for the octamer, where an Ala is removed (R2, K8). (b) Besides the "classic" Lys and Arg, several other aminoacids such as Tyr, Leu, Ala, and Gln can be accepted in P9, but with significant differences in binding affinity. (c) Different amino acids in P3 have an influence on peptide binding. Trp and Phe have a favorable influence, whereas Lys and Val appear to hinder the binding. Some variations are seen also for different amino acids in P7.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-38
Number of pages5
JournalHuman Immunology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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