A total of 4882 discharge diagnoses were examined and 49% of them were accounted for by nine different diagnoses. The average duration of hospitalization was 12.8 days. The patients received an average of 4.1 different drugs mainly administered by parenteral route in neonates and infants, and by mouth in older children. The more prolonged the hospitalization, greater the number of drugs given. Antibiotics (36.8%), vitamin (17.9%) and steroids (8.6%) were the most commonly prescribed drugs. Antimicrobial agents were administered to 74.9% of the hospitalized patients regardless of the discharge diagnoses. The percent of antibiotic therapy in infants and children admitted to the hospital for an infectious disease was 85.6%. Prophylactic treatment was used in 20.2% of all patients who underwent antibiotic therapy. Evaluation of antibiotic therapy with respect to the total daily amount and dosage intervals show that nearly 50% of the drugs were given in an incorrect way for at least one of these two parameters. For cephalosporins, ampicillin, gentamicin, rifampin and erythromycin 35%, 39%, 81%, 67% and 57%, respectively, of the prescriptions were inappropriate. In 50% of patients on antibiotic therapy a vitamin addition was employed.
|Translated title of the contribution||The pharmacological therapy to the child in hospital: an inquiry in 12 pediatric centers|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Rivista Italiana di Pediatria|
|Publication status||Published - 1977|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health