The positive effects of exercise in chemotherapy-related cardiomyopathy

Cavarretta Elena, Mastroiacovo Giorgio, Lupieri Annik, Frati Giacomo, Peruzzi Mariangela

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Anthracyclines such as doxorubicin, daunorubicin, epirubicin, mitoxantrone and idarubicin, are powerful chemotherapeutic drugs used both in children and adult populations. Their properties made them particularly suitable for a large variety of neoplasms including breast adenocarcinoma, small cell lung cancer and acute leukemia. Early and late anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity is a well-known phenomenon, and the incidence of heart failure in patients receiving doxorubicin is 2.2%, with a mortality rate over 60% at 2 years. Prognosis can be improved by prevention, early detection and treatment. A specific treatment for anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity is not yet available, but non-pharmacological measures such as exercise, lifestyle changes and control of risk factors have shown a cardioprotective effect. Exercise training represents a viable non-pharmacological treatment as it increases cardiovascular reserve and endothelial function, regulates proapoptotic signaling, protects against reactive oxygen species (ROS), and decreases autophagy/lysosomal signaling. However, no current guidelines are available for prevention management in cancer patients. Pharmacological measures both for prevention and treatment are those used for heart failure (β-blockers, angiotensin-receptor blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, statins, dexrazoxane and aldosteron antagonists). In this chapter, we will discuss how the evaluation, monitoring and prevention of chemotherapy-related cardiomyopathy is correlated with physical exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Pages103-129
Number of pages27
Volume1000
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume1000
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019

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Keywords

  • Anthracycline
  • Cardiotoxicity
  • Chemotherapy-related cardiomyopathy
  • Exercise
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Elena, C., Giorgio, M., Annik, L., Giacomo, F., & Mariangela, P. (2017). The positive effects of exercise in chemotherapy-related cardiomyopathy. In Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (Vol. 1000, pp. 103-129). (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Vol. 1000). Springer New York LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-4304-8_8