INTRODUCTION: Uterine myomas represents a widespread gynecological disease of women in reproductive age. Although surgery remains the first choice for treating most patients, in the last years, new medical approaches have been considered in order to ameliorate heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) related to their presence. Elagolix is a second-generation gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist under investigation for the long-term treatment of uterine myomas. AREAS COVERED: The aim of this drug evaluation is to give a complete overview of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data on elagolix for treating HMB related to uterine myomas and to report the results of the current clinical trials in this setting. EXPERT OPINION: In two previous phase II studies, this drug succeeded in ameliorating blood loss and quality of life of patients affected by uterine myomas with a good safety profile. Three phase III trials (ELARIS UF-I, UF-II, and EXTEND) investigated the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of elagolix at 300 mg twice daily with add-back therapy. The primary endpoint, consisting in the reduction in HMB compared to placebo, was met in the majority of patients under treatment. Currently, elagolix is under investigation in two other ongoing multicenter phase III clinical studies.
|Journal||Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1 2020|