The presence of amplified regions affects the stability of chromosomes in drug-resistant Chinese hamster cells

Mariangela Miele, Stefania Bonatti, Paola Menichini, Laura Ottaggio, Angelo Abbondandolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The stability of chromosomes carrying amplified CAD (carbamyl phosphate synthetase-aspartate transcarbamylase-dihydroorotase) or DHFR (dihydrofolate reductase) genes was studied in V79 Chinese hamster cell derivatives resistant to PALA (N-phosphonacetyl-l-aspartate) and MTX (methotrexate), respectively. Cells were maintained in the presence of the selective drugs during the study. In both metaphase chromosomes and interphase nuclei, amplified regions were localizaed by in situ hybridization. In MTX-resistant cells, the amplification-bearing chromosome moved sluggishly at anaphase and gave rise to bud-shaped formations in interphase nuclei. It is suggested that these buds could eventually separate as micronuclei. In both MTX- and PALA-resistant cells, amplified DNA was observed in micronuclei in interphase and in displaced chromosomes in metaphase. Finally, amplification-bearing dicentric chromosomes were found in both drug-resistant cell lines. Cumulatively, these observations indicate that the presence of the amplified region in a chromosome renders it unstable: chromosomes bearing an amplified region tended to be excluded from cells, and rearrangements were more frequent than in normal chromosomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-178
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research DNAging
Volume219
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989

Keywords

  • CAD
  • Chinese hamster cells
  • DHFR
  • Gene amplification
  • Genetic instability
  • Methotrexate resistance
  • PALA resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Medicine(all)

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