The prevalence of dementia and cognitive deficit in a rural population of 2442 residents in northern Italy. A door-to-door survey

S. Cristina, A. Nicolosi, W. A. Hauser, M. L C Leite, E. Gerosa, G. Nappi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A population study to estimate the prevalence of dementia was carried out amongst the residents of four rural towns near Pavia in northern Italy. The population included a 40% sample of the residents between 65 and 69 years old and all residents of 70 years old or older. A door-to-door neuropsychological screening was followed by neurological examination on individuals scoring low at the screening. Of the 1670 subjects who completed the screening, 42.3% scored under the cut-off point. The prevalence of cognitive deficit was higher in women, even accounting for age. Of those who scored under the cut-off point, 336 underwent neurological examination, yielding a prevalence of dementia of 15% (from 1.6% between the ages of 65 and 69; 35% at the age of 85) in women and 5% (from 7% between the ages of 75 and 79; 27% at the age of 85 or more) in men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-600
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Neurology
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Age
  • Cognitive deficit
  • Dementia
  • Gender
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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