The prevalence of GNAS deficiency-related diseases in a large cohort of patients characterized by the EuroPHP network

Francesca Marta Elli, Agnès Linglart, Intza Garin, Luisa De Sanctis, Paolo Bordogna, Virginie Grybek, Arrate Pereda, Federica Giachero, Elisa Verrua, Patrick Hanna, Giovanna Mantovani, Guiomar Perez De Nanclares

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Context: The term pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) was coined to describe the clinical condition resulting from end-organ resistance to parathormone (rPTH), caused by genetic and/or epigenetic alterations within or upstream of GNAS. Although knowledge about PHP is growing, there are few data on the prevalence of underlying molecular defects. Objective: The purpose of our study was to ascertain the relative prevalence of PHP-associated molecular defects. Design: With a specially designed questionnaire, we collected data from all patients (n = 407) clinically and molecularly characterized to date by expert referral centers in France, Italy, and Spain. Results: Isolated rPTH (126/407, 31%) was caused only by epigenetic defects, 70% of patients showing loss of imprinting affecting all four GNAS differentially methylated regions and 30% loss of methylation restricted to the GNAS A/B:TSS-DMR. Multihormone resistance with no Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) signs (61/407, 15%) was essentially due to epigenetic defects, although 10% of patients had point mutations. In patients with rPTH and AHO (40/407, 10%), the rate of point mutations was higher (28%) and methylation defects lower (about 70%). In patients with multihormone resistance and AHO (155/407, 38%), all types of molecular defects appeared with different frequencies. Finally, isolated AHO (18/407, 4%) and progressive osseous heteroplasia (7/407, 2%) were exclusively caused by point mutations. Conclusion: With European data, we have established the prevalence of various genetic and epigenetic lesions in PHP-affected patients. Using these findings, we will develop objective criteria to guide cost-effective strategies for genetic testing and explore the implications for management and prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3657-3668
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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