The prognostic significance of heart rate recovery is not dependent upon maximal effort in patients with heart failure

Lawrence P. Cahalin, Daniel E. Forman, Paul Chase, Marco Guazzi, Jonathan Myers, Daniel Bensimhon, Mary Ann Peberdy, Euan Ashley, Erin West, Ross Arena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Heart rate recovery (HRR) has been observed to be a significant prognostic measure in patients with heart failure (HF). However, the prognostic value of HRR has not been examined in regard to the level of patient effort during exercise testing. Using the peak respiratory exchange ratio (RER) and a large multicenter HF database we examined the prognostic utility of HRR. Methods: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) was performed in 806 HF patients who then underwent an active cool-down of at least 1 min. Peak oxygen consumption (VO2), ventilatory efficiency (VE/VCO2 slope), and peak RER were determined with subjects categorized into subgroups according to peak RER (b1.00, 1.00- 1.09, ≥1.10). HRR was defined as the difference between heart rate at peak exercise and 1 min following test termination. Patients were followed for major cardiac events for up to four years post-CPX. Results: There were 163 major cardiac events (115 deaths, 20 left ventricular assist device implantations, and 28 transplantations) during the four year tracking period. Univariate Cox regression analysis results identified HRR as a significant (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1496-1501
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume168
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 30 2013

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Keywords

  • Heart failure
  • Heart rate recovery
  • Respiratory exchange ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Cahalin, L. P., Forman, D. E., Chase, P., Guazzi, M., Myers, J., Bensimhon, D., Peberdy, M. A., Ashley, E., West, E., & Arena, R. (2013). The prognostic significance of heart rate recovery is not dependent upon maximal effort in patients with heart failure. International Journal of Cardiology, 168(2), 1496-1501. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.12.102